English Language

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Kinds of Sentences

  • The declarative sentence type is used for making a statement;
  • The interrogative type is used to ask a question;
  • Imperative sentences are used to tell somebody to do something (i.e. give a command or an order);
  • The exclamatory type is used to express (e.g. surprise).

Details of Kinds of Sentences https://essaypro.com/blog/types-of-sentences

Online Exercisehttps://www.englishgrammar.org/kinds-sentences-3
https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/sentence/type-quiz.htm

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Subject and Predicate

When we make a sentence:
(1) We name some person or thing; and
(2) Say something about that person or thing.
In other words, we must have a subject to speak about and we must say or predicate something about that subject.

Hence every sentence has two parts:
(1) The part which names the person or thing we are speaking about. This is called the Subject of the sentence.
(2) The part which tells something about the Subject.
This is called the Predicate of the sentence.

The Subject of a sentence usually comes first, but occasionally it is put after the Predicate; as,
Here comes the bus.
Sweet are the uses of adversity.

In Imperative sentences the Subject is left out; as,
Sit down. [Here the Subject You is understood].
Thank him. [Here too the Subject You is understood.]

Few useful Resources

Exercise – Subject & Predicate

In the following sentences separate the Subject and the Predicate:
1. The cackling of geese saved Rome.
2. The boy stood on the burning deck.
3. Tubal Cain was a man of might.
4. Stone walls do not make a prison.
5. The singing of the birds delights us.
6. Miss Kitty was rude at the table one day
7. He has a good memory.
8. Bad habits grow unconsciously.
9. The earth revolves round the sun.
10. Nature is the best physician.
11. Edison invented the phonograph.
12. The sea hath many thousand sands.
13. We cannot pump the ocean dry.
14. Borrowed garments never fit well.
15. The early bird catches the worm.
16. All matter is indestructible.
17. Islamabad is the capital of Pakistan.
18. We should profit by experience.
19. All roads lead to Rome.
20. A guilty conscience needs no excuse.
21. The beautiful rainbow soon faded away.
22. No man can serve two masters.
23. A sick room should be well aired.
24. The dewdrops glitter in the sunshine.
25. I shot an arrow into the air.
26. A barking sound the shepherd hears.
27. On the top of the hill lives a hermit

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Parts of the Speech

Noun

A Noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, or thing; as,

  • Akbar was a great King.
  • Kolkata is on the Hooghly.
  • The rose smells sweet.
  • The sun shines bright.
  • His courage won him honour.

Note: The word thing includes (i) all objects that we can see, hear, taste, touch, or smell; and (ii) something that we can think of, but cannot perceive by the senses.

The PHRASE and the CLAUSE

‘Clause’ & ‘Phrase’ are two important terms in English Grammar.

A phrase is a related group of words. Examine the group of words “in a corner”. It makes sense, but not complete sense. Such a group of words, which makes sense, but not complete sense, is called a Phrase.
The words work together as a “unit,” but they do not have a subject and a verb.

In the following sentences, the groups of words in italics are Phrases:

  • The sun rises in the east.
  • The old man sat in a corner.
  • Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall.
  • Show me how to do it.

Few useful Resources

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Resource Materials

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